Without oxygen, we cannot live even for a moment. Without oxygen, the animals will die. Trees produce oxygen and spread it in the air. While inhaling air, we take the oxygen with it into our bodies and live in life. Carbon dioxide makes our atmosphere or rather our environment poisonous for us. Trees consume this carbon dioxide and thereby make our environment safe for us.
Trees also give us many other benefits. We get fruit and flowers from the trees. Trees provide us with fuel and timbers. In summer, they bear the burning rays of the sun and give us a cool shade under them. Trees in our forests draw the rain from the clouds floating in the sky. Trees in our forests check the quick flow of rainwater and thereby monitor the occurrence of high flood in our rivers.
On the other hand, this slow process of water-flow gives us enough water all throughout the year through streams and streamlets with their sweet melodious music.Trees conserve our soil. This soil-conservation is vital for our corn-fields. Trees make the own land fertile by their fallen leaves. By their fallen leaves they make new land for us. Most of the forest-products are the products from the trees in the forests, absentee of trees will cause a lot of harm to us and our life. So the number of trees should be multiplied by the tree-plantation by us.
“The clearest way into the Universe is through a forest wilderness.”
Benefits of Trees
We should plant trees near our houses and near our villages for a forestation to (or “intending to”) raising new forests. Plant trees on the two sides of the roads and paths and the four sides of our corn-fields. We should plant trees on all the vacant places in our village on towns where we live, and we should advise all to do so.One should make a good selection of trees to be planted, in consideration of the nature of land and the kind of climate.
Coconut trees grow well in the sea-coasts. Plantain trees grow well near the ponds. We should know which place is fit for which tree. To know this, we should get our soil tested by the experts and plant the kinds of trees accordingly. A collection of plants to be planted should be made from the Government nurseries in consultation with the experts there.
Rainy season is the best time for tree-plantation. Most of the tree-plants thrive well in the rainy season. Still then, we should seek advice from the Government agricultural experts about the appropriate time for the plantation of a particular kind of tree.Only planting the trees is not enough. Because, planted trees may be destroyed by animals or otherwise, or may die for regular service of water. So we should be particular about the after-care of the planted trees. We should be very careful about the newly-planted trees.
Why should trees be saved?
What is clear is that trees provide humans with many social, economic, and environmental benefits.However, vast areas of the richest forests in the world have been cleared for wood fuel, timber products, agriculture, and cattle. If the current rate of deforestation, about 80,000 square kilometres per year, is kept, they may completely disappear by the year 2030. In Vietnam, our country, according to the Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment, 1,054 forest fires occurred last year, destroying 15,370 hectors of forest and causing damage worth the US $ 9,8 million. Mainly, Upper U Minh, formerly a nature reserve, was mostly destroyed, just after being re-classified as a national park.
In fact, like Vietnam, the countries with the most tropical forests tend to be developing and overpopulated nations in the southern hemisphere. Due to weak economies, people resort to clearing the forest and planting crops to survive. Therefore, the most efficient conservation policies are to relieve poverty and expand access to education, healthcare, and the most important, alternative livelihoods. Allocating forests to farms and plantations is also a sound one. Also, stricter laws should be issued to reduce the destruction of forests, which is caused mostly by logging interests.
One of the greatest concerns worldwide is the loss of natural resources, particularly forests. Many solutions have been suggested to save forests from destruction. However, many forests in the world remain unprotected.
Rapid deforestation is endangering both the wildlife and our health
Every nation aims for a developed or advanced status. Only through development, the nation can progress and ensure the people enjoy a high quality and standard of living. Deforestation clears land of trees and bushes for development. Houses, industries, parks and public infrastructure are built on the cleared land. However, rapid deforestation as a result of greed for quick wealth is endangering both the wildlife and our health.
In Malaysia, the last decades since independence have witnessed massive deforestation and clearing of land for development mainly to build houses, condominiums, theme parks, industries among others. The purpose is to provide facilities and amenities to the citizens. However, this is causing major problems to wildlife as their habitat is destroyed. Our indigenous and unique flora and fauna is also being threatened. Protected species such as tigers, elephants, rhinoceros and others are dying due to the destruction of their natural habitat. Many are forced to find new areas which may not be conducive to them. We often hear in the news how wild tigers and elephants encroach into human habitat and have killed or maimed people while foraging for food.
Preservation of Trees
We need to preserve more forests and reserve areas for these animals as sanctuaries. Aside from providing a haven for these creatures, preservation of forests is also good for us as trees provide fresh and healthy air. As the human population increases so do pollution. Forests and jungles provide natural protection against pollution by providing uncontaminated air and trapping pollutants.
The government and nongovernmental organisation must collaborate to protect the green lung. The presence of factories and increase in some vehicles on the roads have resulted in an unhealthy atmosphere. Also, Malaysia regularly suffers the haze problem due to forests fires from Kalimantan as well as open burning here. This combined with the indiscriminate felling of trees have contributed to a host of medical conditions among citizens of our country. Doctors confirm that there has been a dramatic increase in people suffering from lung and breathing complications. A major factor is the destruction of forests coupled with pollution.
Hence, it is vital that the government take immediate steps to prevent this situation from worsening. The state governments should designate more forest reserves, and great care must be taken to relocate wildlife if their habitat is being cleared for housing or industries. In fact, the government should reduce the number of licenses being issued to developers and timber logging companies. They are the main culprits threatening the existence of wildlife as well as our health. Fresh air provided by natural forests is essential for human survival.
Importance of Trees
The man has been cutting down trees indiscriminately, and today the trend is not only to save natural forests but to create artificial ones. Deserts are made to bloom! The Imperial Valley of the Sonoran Desert in southern California has been converted into a green patch which yields crops all the year round. Forests are not to be considered merely as a direct source of wealth; they are to be thought about the national economy and geography.
Forests serve many purposes. They hold together the soil and prevent or minimise soil erosion. The oxygen in the air is replenished by forests and plankton in the sea. Trees and plants, during photosynthesis, absorb carbon dioxide and release oxygen. Scientists fear that if forests are destroyed indiscriminately, there will be an increase in carbon dioxide and eventually the sun’s rays will become hotter; the polar caps will melt and the ocean level rise and submerge much of our land. Vegetable mould that forests supply increases the fertility of the soil. Forests influence climate. The roots suck up sub-soil water, and it is expelled as moisture by foliage. Forests provide sanctuary for animals and birds. It is to he remembered that the rich and varied wildlife vanishes in proportion to the woods we destroy.
Industries like paper, rayon. Strawboards, matches, insulation boards and wood-panel products are dependent on forests. Indian forests are said to yield 2,500 species of wood, about 18% of which are commercially valuable. Forests are a source of essential oil and medicinal herbs. The lignin and cellulose found in wood are chemically treated to produce expensive drugs like sulfonamide and chloroform. Spruce and fur are used for making aeroplane and glider parts. Ash and mulberry woods are used for making many sports goods.
Governments all over the world have taken steps to conserve forests: President Franklin Roosevelt of the USA, alarmed by the massive destruction of forests by man, created a conservation corps of two million men to plant trees, dig lakes and build forest roads and in the course of ten years saved the country’s forests. Today the trend is not only to protect the existing forests but to create artificial ones. Israel is the classic example of a country where a desert has been converted into a garden. The success of this experiment shows that land can be reclaimed and thus increase the food supply of the world. It stands to Israel’s credit that within twenty-five years it has doubled the area of its arable land.
Trees should be regularly planted to save the humanity and the animal world. Tree plantation and its after-care are a pleasant work too. We can get much pleasure in planting trees and in taking care of them. Students should plant trees in their school compounds and the front yards, backyards and side yards of their schools and near their houses and in other places wherever possible. They should explain to their neighbours the goodness of tree-plantation and encourage them to plant and care new trees.